The following results of a first-order network/genetic analysis of Michigan, Texas, Alabama and Florida, in an attempt to visualize the role played by M&S in those states. These states are known to represent regions where there is a growing interest in and use of the techniques of M&S. It is hoped that these two forms of state-by-state analysis can help determine the degree to which M&S has progressed beyond the point of an enabling technology to become an emergent industry.
The innovation network is itself a model of the flow of knowledge within an organization based on their patent portfolios and the patterns of interaction between the inventors that generate those patents. The topological patterns that characterize these networks and the network metrics that are associated with the individual inventors can provide valuable insights into the nature of the inventions and the social characteristics of the inventors themselves. Further analysis of the patents themselves will produce a deeper level of understanding of the role played by M&S in each organization as well as the potential for interaction between the organizations, whenever interactions have not yet been established.
The “innovation genotype” is a method of analyzing the dominant technical arts being practiced within the state as a whole, by treating the phrase “M&S” as a phenotypic “trait” and determining the underlying genetic structure that expresses that trait in that state. The USPTO classifies the subject matter of patents through a spectrum of numbered technical areas that it uses to characterize an invention. We analogize these areas to genes. This process is analogous to how a biological study of the trait of “flight” might proceed. A biologist seeking to understand the genetic history of how and why organisms have developed the ability to fly, might gather all such flying organisms and sequence their individual genomes to determine all the recognizable genes they possess. When they generate the collective set of genes, the result will be a broad, population-dependent genetic description of a single phenotypic trait. For example, the closest technical area in the USPTO to our conception of M&S is area 703, which expresses “data processing, structural design, models, simulations and emulations.” In the Michigan and Texas genotype, “gene” 703 is the dominant gene but in the Alabama genotype it is eighth in the list and “gene” 342, expressing forms of communication is the dominate gene. This, in itself, indicates a different general evolution of M&S in Michigan and Texas from Alabama.